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  The Constitution of India
 

The Constitution is a body of laws according to which a country is governed. The constitution of a country lays down

 
   The Constitution is a body of laws according to which a country is governed. The constitution of a country lays down the basic structure of the political system under which its people are to be governed. It establishes the main organs of the State – the Legislature, the Executive and the Judiciary, defines their powers, demarcates their responsibilities and regulates their relationship with each other and with the people.

Our forefathers struggled and sacrificed much during the freedom struggle. They had a dream — that of an ideal society. These ideals are reflected in the Preamble to our constitution. The document of the Indian constitution opens with the following words:

'We, the people of India, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular Democratic Republic and to secure to all its citizens:
  • justice ( social, economic and political);
  • liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;
  • equality of status and of opportunity, and to promote among them all fraternity assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of nation, in our constituent assembly this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do hereby adopt, enact and give to ourselves this constitution.'
The opening words of the preamble are – 'We, the People of India'. This simply means that the Constitution has been declared in the name of the people and that the ultimate source of all power is the people.
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